Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Kerala @ 60:A Retrospection

On 1st November2016, Kerala has finally joined the league of senior citizens among the Indian states. A land of paradoxes , there are several unique features one can notice in Kerala. Kerala government was the first democratically elected communist government in the world. Kerala is always ranked top among most of the parameters to identify a welfare state- Highest HDI Index, Highest literacy rate, Health etc. to one of the early birds in India to achieve the status of open defecation free state. It is also to be noticed that Kerala is always one of the leading states in implementing central government schemes, be it MGNREGS by UPA or Swachh Bharat by NDA. Government of Kerala (irrespective of left or right) has always played a crucial role as an implementing agency. But it is to be noted that Kerala has the higher percentage of emigrant population. The time has come to think why the people are migrating from such a beautiful state, which has all the basic requirements, to settle in other cities of India and abroad? 

One of the most important factors for the relative development of the state was the higher literacy rate compared to rest of India. While the average literacy rate of India was 16% at the time of Independence, it was 46% in Kerala. This higher literacy rate had always helped Kerala to work more efficiently as an implementing agency for most of the government schemes. Kerala government had also given focus on investments in education and health sector during 1960s and 70s which had also helped in making Kerala a relatively better off state. But one of the most important flaws of the model was that the investment was heavily on non-income generating activities without much focus on revenue generation/job creation. A model can be considered sustainable only when it is able to survive without the support of an external agency. Otherwise it will fail with the closure of external funding source. In other words, most of the schemes in Kerala were implemented with the aid from central government or some international funding agencies with a target driven approach, without giving focus on employment generation (which would have helped in generating more revenue for the state government). This has resulted in creating a generation of educated people who could become an efficient work force but didn’t get a chance to prove their talent in their home state due to lack of opportunities. 

We can also say that most of these investments were with a short term view, more in line with the national trends. But it should be noted that the demands of each state were different. For example, if we look at the investments in health sector most of the investments were designed to handle infectious diseases which spread through various sources like air, water etc. But currently non infectious diseases like Cancer, Heart diseases, Diabetes, Blood pressure etc. are becoming a threat mostly because of food habits and our current hospitals are not equipped to handle those diseases. Similarly if we look at education sector, we can see that engineering had more importance in Kerala where most of the revenue generation sources are from service sector like Banking, Tourism etc. This has resulted in building up a generation of engineers who work in different sectors which has no relation with what they had studied in colleges. Remaining engineers had migrated to rest of the world where engineering still has some importance. In both cases (health and education), Kerala has done statistically well because the parameters for measuring performance was primarily set based on national parameters.

As the literacy rate in Kerala started to increase, people started to look for jobs which give better salary. As a result they started to lose interest in traditional jobs like agriculture, daily labour, construction work etc. which were occupied by migrant workers from other states; earlier by people from Tamil Nadu and currently from East and North East India. On the other side, neither government nor private sector investments had occurred in Kerala which would have given better job opportunities. This resulted in massive migration to gulf, Mumbai (now to Banglore) and other Western countries which today we proudly say as our NRI strength.  Initial migration was to Gulf countries getting citizenship is not very easy. This had helped Kerala to get lot of cash inflow from the gulf countries. However, similar to government, most of the funds were invested for consumption purposes like home, gold etc. and only very few portion was invested for any income generation or job creation purposes. And currently, as migration trend has shifted US and Europe, where tax rate is higher and receiving citizenship is easier, people who migrate tend to invest the money there itself. In fact people who sell all their assets in Kerala and become permanent residents in US and Europe are increasing and after one or two generations they may not have any relation with Kerala. This will further reduce the money available for development of Kerala.

Currently when we look at Kerala’s economic situation, Kerala is struggling to maintain the schools and hospitals set up by the government because of the huge maintenance expenses. However revenue for the government through taxes not grown sufficiently during the same period to match with those expenses and for new development projects.  As a result, fiscal deficit has increased and borrowings have gone up sharply in last two decades. Fiscal liabilities have increased from Rs.33,777 crore in 2002-03 to Rs. 1,41,947 crore in 2014-15. It is also to be noted that the migration from Kerala to West has increased during the same period and one of the districts – Pathanamthitta has shown a negative population growth for the first time in history mainly due to the shifting of people to the western world. 

In other words, while Kerala is becoming a senior citizen, she is also becoming economically weaker and weaker and both politicians and local population is not worried about the same, believing we can always find a heaven in the west. The time has come for government to rethink its strategy and take a new path so that Kerala will have a local population who can survive in the state with a decent income, not like the current old age home where the parents are living in Kerala and their children working outside.

Saturday, May 28, 2016

Communism and Pseudos

Election of 2016 was very different in many ways especially with the active participation of the political leaders in social media. Even though BJP had effectively used the social media during 2014 elections, its influence in Kerala had peaked only in current elections with the entry of communist party and party workers into the social media. At first it may not sound wrong as any person and any party have the right to market their ideology. But the most important factor which is being neglected is the influence / penetration of capitalism and its ideologies into Communism. 

There was a time that communist party was working among the poor, mobilizing them against the feudal lords. It had helped the party to make its presence in many parts of the country and to become the main opposition in the first government of Independent India. However, they had failed to keep the momentum for one simple reason that communism is getting diluted day by day. Today communism had become a fantastic ideology that may never be able to make a comeback. This is mainly because of the fact that the people who are propagating the ideas themselves are being influenced by capitalism and their propagators. 

For example, we have seen lot of ideological fights happening across social media, say facebook. Facebook, a company opened by a capitalist in United States of America had earned millions in the name of communism and advertisements and discussions related to Communist party and ideologies. The Communists use the same social media to protest against the capitalists for one simple reason that majority of the population are under the influence of the media which is owned by capitalists. So, how can we expect Communism which diluted itself for promoting their ideologies, to escape the people from exploitation from capitalists? But people use the same social media and proudly say that they are the comrades who want to bring the change in the society. 

Another biggest threat to Communist ideologies is the influence of Pseudo Communists who are always under the influence of capitalism and its tempting yet deadly beauty. Middle class of Kerala is the biggest example. Most of them are currently working under the private companies which are owned by capitalists bourgeois who are settled in India or abroad. They are aware of the fact that they are being exploited, but they love being exploited just because of the materialistic pleasures that capitalism is offering. Today we can see communists who are working for capitalists, wearing the formals designed by capitalists, eating from Dominos/McDonalds/ any other hotel chain owned by capitalists using a mobile phone which is again designed and manufactured by the capitalists with a capitalist sim which was being purchased after falling in love with the advertisement of those companies. They are be using a vehicle which is manufactured by a firm owned by capitalists or even public transport of which most of the vehicles are still made by the same capitalist firms even though owned by government (which is again influenced by right wing ideologies). In simple words we can see that the people are under the influence of market right from dawn (brushing with colgate/close up) to desk (sleeping on a mattress) and still they talk about communism. Most of the products that we consume today are the output of systematic exploitation by the capitalists. Knowingly or unknowingly every human being is being exploited by capitalism and they will continue to do the same for the simple reason there is always a demand for the same. But still the so called pseudo intellectuals never accept about the influence and they continue discussing about a world which is not under the influence of bourgeois. 

Communism, at times, failed to identify the real enemies who are causing the real threat to the poor. Capitalism and its exploitation can exist in different sizes and forms at different levels within a society. It exists in all the areas where there is a probability of concentration of resources; be it wealth or power or anything else. Even democracy is becoming oligarchy in this modern world. Communist party which should have been acting vigilantly against these forces fails to redesign itself to become any of those as ‘participative democracy’, explained by Marx is something which is still unknown to the party. ‘Opium of Masses’ is gaining strength in the world with the rise of terrorism across the globe. Thus the fundamentals of communism are facing many challenges than never before and the propagators of the socialist ideologists are being corrupted by the influence of the capitalist class.

Even in the middle of challenges it is really surprising that the party is able to still hold their strength in a few pockets across the globe. But the political activities and governance under the communist party never justifies their thoughts and action. A party which claims to bring development in Kerala fails to create job within Kerala. People have to migrate to other metro cities and to Middle East to get a decent job which is mostly offered by private companies whose aim is profit maximization. Revenue generation activities by government organizations are reducing day by day with more than half of the government companies are in huge losses. Government has to depend on World Bank and other Financial Institutions promoted by First World Nations to meet their daily needs and it is quite sure that these institutions will only protect the interest of those capitalist countries. Slowly and steadily party ideologies are losing grounds against the market forces and are facing a premature death. Communist party may be able to survive, but the ideologies will never survive if a strong corrective action is not taken by them and the party will fall into the hands of capitalism. Communist Party has won the election, but did the Communist ideology win?  Remember, we had French Revolution and Napoleon Boneparte was the end result; power and resources never reached to the arms of poor.

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Tolerant world and Intolerant India!!

Aamir Khan, another great Artist from India, has joined the debate on intolerance. In fact for the last few weeks we are seeing a few 'intellectual' guys sitting around in an air conditioned room and discussing whether we are becoming intolerant or not. And we have been tolerant to their discussions, though they called us intolerant. Bihar elections came just like a conclusion to those discussions and the initial victory was for the so called 'tolerant' force. Finally, when everyone started to discuss about black money, development etc, here comes our PK hero with the same intolerance discussion.

It is really nice to know that Aamir Khan got a wife who is aware of all the incidents happening across the nation.But it is the time to read the international column in news papers also. I would like to know the nation where they can live happily without any threat.

Europe was the best options till a few days back. But not anymore. Islamic State also prefers Europe just like the millionaires in India prefer.Another option will be United States of America, a beautiful land where the native tolerant people where forced to work under the White British and always been ruled by the them. But still the region is more tolerant than India!! Aamir and Kiran will be quite safe there. But what about their children? Every week there will be some news which shows some child has taken a gun to school and killed all classmates. A very tolerant generation!! Aamir can send his child to school on his own risk. But don't blame India's intolerance for whatever happening in America. Even though Sharukh is competitior, watching his movie 'My name is Khan' will help to increase GK.

Another great option is to move to Australia. The entire continent is very tolerant. Anyone who has a beard and a turban need to take a life insurance before landing. But Aamir doesn't have to worry. He is a 'Yo Yo' person. But, be careful in telling name.He also has got a second name which may not be tolerated by a few religious tolerant people there.

Another zone where Aamir should consider moving is Middle East. The region is quite nice for Aamir, but may not be nice for his wife , as she may not like to wear Pardah 24*7. But don't worry, that region is also more tolerant than India!! There are a few more options like Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, ,Afghanisthan, Pakisthan and a few African countries. Those regions are very tolerant. But getting a job which suit the profile will be quite difficult. But still, it is worth trying. People have the freedom to choose the way of death. Bomb, rocket,gun, knife, stones etc...

Another region is Scandinavian countries which can offer you a decent job but they will take all your money back as income tax. More over they might not have seen Bollywood movies.

And another great option is China. The nation which loved Aamir as PK. People's Republic of China,a very tolerant nation. People has got lot of freedom to express. One morning Aamir can say the tolerance topic there; By evening he can join Dalai Lama at Dharmashala,Arunachal Pradesh. We Indians are known for giving refugee to everyone who needs.
But still, India is the most intolerant nation in the world!!

Dear Aamir,
Please be a little careful in speaking. We have a democratic system and people know how to respond to tolerance and intolerance. We saw your PK. We laughed and in the evening we went to temple. Can you think of doing a similar story about any other religion? And more importantly, if you think people of India have became intolerant after watching all your Satyameva Jayate episodes, it means you are a flop in conveying the message.

I am an Indian who belongs to Incredible India. Not your intolerant India.

P.S : I will again watch your good movies because I like you as an actor and I won't mix your personal life with professional life.

Tuesday, June 3, 2014

The wind of change

"You must be the change you wish to see in the world. " - Mahatma Gandhi

India is the land of Paradoxes. We say about the value of life, but will not act to save any life even if we see an accident. We say about the value of literacy, but will not do anything to improve the current situation. We say about poverty, but will not act. We have a very 'genuine' excuse to it - 'These are duties of Government, not mine!!' Of course, there are a few who genuinely like to do something to the society and I like to dedicate this post to them. The blog is about a set of people who are trying to change the life of a few illiterate children.

Last year, our college has got approval for increasing the batch size to 180. (For those who doesn't know my background - I am studying in IRMA, Anand ,Gujarat. ) The construction of class room, hostel etc. had started in last December. Hundreds of contract labourers are working in campus. They are actually migrants from Odisha. They come with their children to work place, as no one at home to look after their children. It is really nice to see the children playing around in the ground, enjoying their time. The sad part is - they are not going to school!! Parents want them to become construction workers by the age of ten, so that they can also contribute to their family income. 

Like us, they are also in IRMA. While we become the so called 'managers'  and conquer 'great heights' , these children will grow up and become construction workers, lives in some slums, do the work till their health is fine and probably they will die due to mishap at construction site. Some ministers may cry for a few minutes and no one cares their family after that. Many of us feel sad and had sympathy to them. But none of us did anything to stop this, until someone took the initiative .

One of my friend , Sudhir Kumar decided to teach them!! Inspired by his initiative, many of us joined with him. We donated 100 rupees each and bought sufficient stationery items. Within one week, we had a small board and about 20 notebooks for the children. We started with teaching them numbers and languages.Everyday two of us will teach the children in the evening after our class.Their interest in learning surprised us. Most of them learned things quite fast.Now they have learnt English - A to Z , Numbers 1-50 , name of some fruits,vegetables etc etc.Encouraged by our activity, one of our faculty's wife, a school teacher, promised to volunteer the activity while we are away for internship.

Currently, on June 2014, we are out of campus for our internship. But the children still gets tuition.We do not know whether this can make any difference in their life. We were not able to convince their parents regarding the importance of proper school learning. However we are doing our best. If one of them get a better life, we will be very happy. After all , life is not about collecting certificates.

We cannot say that this is our kindness. We are just trying to do our part as the responsible citizens of  India. From tomorrow, before you start complaining about the situation of our country, before you start praising the western countries for their so called development, ask yourself what have you given to your nation? A nation develops when the citizens work for the country. India has not developed. Why? 

P.S : Team members- Sudhir Kumar, Alankrita Goswami, Shivansh Mishra, Alok Anand, Sayeree Das, Srishti Mishra, Gadha Raj, Vikram , Ishita Kotak, Ishita Srivastava,Anjali Choudary and Sumodh G Namboothiri

Thursday, July 18, 2013


This post is about a man who changed 20th century. If this guy was not born, the entire history would have been different. I am sure that you all know him. His name is Schkl Groober, popularly known as Adolf Hitler.
what comes to your mind when you hear about him?? A mad man who killed millions of people?? A man who destroyed the entire world??? Yes ,it is right to some extent. But it is also noted that he had many positives.

First of all, just think why we hate Hitler? Answer is quite simple.I would say that our school chapters have played an important role in it. From childhood itself, we are injecting into the mind of child that Hitler was a bad man. No wonder, when the child grows he/she will hate him. But who killed more people? Hitler in Germany or America in Hiroshima and Nagazaki? But did our school texts which says many things about cruelty of Hitler , raised any voice against America ?

When Hitler came to power,condition of Germany was worse. Everything was destroyed in First world war. Industries were down, agricultural land had lost fertitily because bombings,the value of mark( German currency ) was decreasing every minute.Germans were starving to death.No nations gave any help to them.They were like untouchables to other nations. Naturally it lighted a fire in the mind of Germans and it is this fire that helped them to become world power again. From the bad condition Germany became world's number one country by 1938.Well, we can tell that it is just military strength, but one thing is true that Germans,were happy with him. I do accept that he was cruel to Jews, but it is not enough to cover the strength that he made for German economy.Germans under the leadership of Hitler gained more power , both Physically and mentally. They acquired the power in 10-15 years that Indians are still trying to get even after sixtysix years.

Was Hitler alone responsible for Second World War?? We learned like it was Hitler's plan.But when we take it on a broad angle, we can see that it was actually a revenge of a brave man to those who destroyed his nation on first world war.If a country attacks India and destroy,do we stay calm and quiet? so why we blame Hitler alone???

In the end, we can say that Hitler fallen down on 2nd world war.Americans are saying it proudly. But just take a map and look size of Germany, Italy and Japan.These 3 small nations fought against rest of world for 6 years.Just imagine that situation.If we say Germany , Italy and Japan were military power what about rest of the world? In the end, eventhough Big five nations won the fight, they have nothing to get proud of. They had to use even atom bomb to finish the war, i really feel pity on that. Just imagine -America using their entire army power to destroy 300 small islands.Even if we put all those islands together, it doesn't have size of kerala !!!

Now think about a situation- Hitler won 2nd world war. Then what might hav happened??? The same texts, that say hitler is bad, will contain heroism of hitler, he would have been the best man in the world,who fought against the colonialism of America and Britain.Hitler would have been a hero who saved the entire world. He would have been the man who helped Subhash Chandra Bose to get freedom for India.

Hitler may have done many things wrong,but he was the man who changed the story of a complete century,his ideologies may be wrong, but he was hardworking and courageous and a NO FEAR man,such leaders are very rare in todays world.He shown it even at the time of his death. Whatever we say,we have to accept one fact -Hitler was a great leader.

P.S :
I wrote this article in malayalam when I was in +2. Later it was published in college magazine.

Sunday, July 7, 2013

A journey to Badoli(Gujrat) - last part

  part 1

  Part 2

Day 3 : 

We got up around 5 am. In last two days we talked to many people , but we never got any chance to talk to two major castes. Brahmins and Harijans. So this time, we decided to do something different and that had really helped us to get a different picture on the other side of village. By 6 am , we went toSwami Narayan Mandir and Jai MataJi temple, near the cooperative society. And this time , god came infront of us as Hasmukh Giri, the priest in that temple. When we told him that we came to see the village and to know about the life of people here, he took us to the house of harijans . He gave us information about a persion called IndraSingh Rathore , who is helping the villagers to sharing his knowledge. 

First we went to Indrasingh Rathore’s house . He is an NIFT alumnus. But he stays in the village and teaches  handicraft to Harijans and tribals there. They make statues of coconut fibre. So far around 321 people have got training in handicraft and he is teaching more people.Last month he had exported ‘200 coconut fibre kiwis ’ to New Zealand.He had shown us ‘how to make a bird in 6 minutes’. If we had never seen him, it would have been a big mistake from our side. (I am planning to write a separate post on Indrasingh Rathore and his works in village later).
A masterpiece of Indrasingh Rathore
Shailesh with Indrasingh Rathore and Hasmukh Giri

From there , we went to Harijan Colonies there. One thing we noticed in this village is both brahmins and harijans are living together.We met a person called Suthriya Punjiram Haribhai. He has an NGO named  Akhila Bharathiya Anthim Vikas Samithi.It works for helping a family to perform cremation of body (if they need financial help)  and help  the widows among Harijans. From him we got the ‘harijan’ version of development in Gujrat. As I had heard before, the politics in Gujrat is splited on caste basis with upper caste/patel supporting one party and the Harijans supporting another . One caste praising the government for all the developments while the second caste is struggling to live. They are feeling that they were ignored by government.
A person working on weaving machine - Weaving was their main source of income till 1991

Most of the Harijans were engaged in weaving job till 1991. LPG had really changed their life. When India changed its financial policy to the so called phenomenon LPG (Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation) , people who had some professional skill managed to improve their lifestyle ,while the second group, who were struggling were totally thrown out of the equation. In 1991, around 250 families of Harijans were engaged in weaving and similar jobs where as now there are only 2 families doing the same. Others were forced to go for jobs like brick manufacturing and other daily labour jobs as they were not able to get earnings from weaving. We have also seen a small handweave industry which was forced to shut because of the negligence of both central and state government.

After talking to him, we went to the private hospital in the village as that is the only place left in our list to visit. But , on our way,  we met a person called Rajeev Kumar. Infact he was waiting to meet the two strangers who came to see his village. He too had a story to tell.The Harijans were having a co operative weaving industry called Sri. Mahathma Gandhi Gujrat Seva Mandal. It was working fine for the first few years. But later, when control of textile Industry was moved from State Government to Central Government, they lost all the subsidies and other support.For the last ten years he was trying to contact the officials to get approval of various papers. But central government office is saying that they have not received the paper from state government and state government is saying that they have given it at the time of transfer of control from state to central. They somehow managed to work it till 2010, but finally closed its functioning as they were not getting any help. We didn't not know why he came to us and told the story. He might have thought that we might be some journalists and so we might post it on newspaper.Anyway we could say one thing. He represents the frustration of the unemployed mass of India. I really wish government will take some action and make the industry work again. 

After listening to Rajeev's story, we  went  to hospital.   We met the doctor there and talked to him about various diseases in the village , major health issues faced by children etc. He explained everything to us.(Without taking consultation charge!!!) 

Thus, by 2 pm, our trip got finished , collecting almost all the data about the village. By this time , we had became so famous that people whom we didn’t even know came to us and started to ask did we like their village. When we were about to leave, Shailesh told that he wanted to stand in next panchayat election as everyone will vote for him.

As we felt everyone is over, we went back to our rooms and took rest. In the evening, when the vetinary doctor came, he gave us details about number of cows and buffaloes as of last census and other details like how they are treated by co operatives etc. At night the same process repeated. We went to the same place where we used to sit and talked to all for hours. We had started to feel sad, as we had to leave on next morning.

Day 4 : 

 We woke up around 4 am and got ready. We had decided to start our return journey by 7 am.We had told  Sanjay, Sid (Siddharth),Amit  and Santhosh to reach Idar City. We had planned to visit Ambaji temple also before going back to campus. Ambaji is a famous temple in Gujrat, just like Thirupathi in Andhra Pradesh. Everyone in the village had told us to visit the temple and told that the godess there is very powerful. Everyone reached Idar by 8 am. And we had planned to go to Ambaji in GSRTC Bus (Gujrat State Road transport Corporation Bus).But Amit told he didn’t like to come, due to some personal reasons.But we had decided to visit temple as we never get a chance like this again. Personally I was very happy that I got a chance to visit one of the famous temples in Gujrat within a week after reaching Gujrat.Ambaji temple is at Gujrat Rajasthan Border. It is a big temple with Amba ji (Durga Devi- I am not sure about the goddess , but I think so ) After going to temple, we got a bus from Ambaji to Anand. we came back to campus by 9 pm.  

 Thus, by the end of the trip, we had met almost all groups of people , visited important schools,hospitals and temples in the village. We had seen the agricultural field and Goshaala, and the mineral water plant.More importantly , we got a few good friends and a few days which we always like to remember in our life…. Thus we got a chance to breath in a bit of Gujrat…

A journey to Badoli(Gujrat) - Part 2

Day 2:
As we were tired of yesterday’s journey, we decided to wake up a little late. But we had forgot one thing. We were sleeping in a room in Dooth Mandli. By 6 am, there was a big queue infront of our building, all waiting to give their milk to Society. Mahendra Bhai, a worker in cooperative society gave a class to us on how the price of milk is decided. Price of milk is decided according to the fat content in milk. In cowmilk it will vary from 4 -7 where as for buffaloes it is between 6 -10. If fat content is 10, farmers will get Rs. 45 per litre. Mahendrabhai was doing the test to check the fat content and price was decided accordingly.After watching the process for some time, we went back to our room.

By 8.30 am, we got ready and went to R H Jani Semi government Higher Secondary school in Badoli. It is the main Higher Secondary School in village. We asked them about the educational facilities about village and was very happy to know that the village is blessed with an L P school, a UP School and a Higher Secondary School and no child in village can ‘escape’ without going to school!!!The school had a strength of 1158 students including 501 girls.

From R H Jani School, we went to village dispensary and enquired about the health situation of villagers.Though there was no hospital there, the doctor said that it was not an issue for them as they have 2-3 hospitals within a distance of 10 kilometers.From there we went to police station, but to our surprise, no one was there in that building!!! I guess the crime rates in Gujrat is very less that they don’t even need police!!! After waiting their for 20 minutes , we came back,without gathering any info about crime rates there. All we could see in the police station was an auto which had one tyre missing. 
Government Dispensary

While coming back, we went to Primary School 1 , which is under the control of Government. All the fund was provided by government . The school had a computer lab with 8 computers, a science lab, a library and special provision for teaching disabled students.I was very happy to hear this , as people here know the value of education and was trying to provide it to all irrespective of their physical capabilities. Even in highly educated states like Kerala, we cannot see much schools with this facilities. Another surprise for us was Vishlesha Madam, who is a teacher in the school. She is the only person that I met in the village who knew English. But the sad part is , she is blind!But she was not ready to give up . She fought against her disabilities , took graduation , listened to audios and learned English and now she is working in a government School!! A Lady , that everyone should respect. Hats off .
Aravalli mountain range
From Primary School, we went to Village office. The officer was very happy to see us and he gave all the data we need !!! No, I am not kidding. This is what happened in the office. How many of us can say the same will happen in village offices in our state.According to 2001 sensus ,Badoli has a population of around 6000.(lost the data sheet he provided. So I have to approximate values. I am sorry). The village has 99% literacy rate. But from the village office only we came to know about the other half of the story. Even after the education, people are not changing their jobs. A Patel will continue agriculture, Brahmin will remain as priest and a Harijan will be a labourer. Education never helped much to improve their income.

Idar Fort
In the evening (around 4pm) we went to see Idar Fort.Idar Fort is a very small fort build on the top of a mountain in Aravalli ranges. We took an auto to go to top of mountain as ‘trekking’ was not permitted by IRMA  and we do not want to disobey rules ;). The auto driver’s name was Samir Pathan. In the journey, we got a chance to listen to Muslim version of the ‘developments’ in the villages in Gujrat.
A plant in Jain temple
Fort was a very small construction, which was not maitained for years. I felt bad impression about the government for the first time after seeing the fort. It seems no one is interested in the fort, though it could be developed into a beautiful tourist spot, as it is on the top of mountain.As of now, all we can see in the building is the ‘scripts’ of some guys who had came there before and some gossips like ‘Salman loves Aishwarya’ .I really wish government will take some action to protect this fort. There is a Hindu temple , a Jain temple and a Mosque near the fort.We entered the Jain temple first . Thus I got a chance to visit a Jain temple for the first time in my life.

From Idar Fort , we can see a small building on the top of a huge rock.  It was very difficult to reach there. It was constructed by queen of Idar , when she got angry with the King! It is heard that she lived there for rest of her life as a revenge.It might have been a bad time for servants who lived at that time as it will take atleast 5-6 km walk from the top of that rock to come down to collect some water. ( We can't expect queen to come down and collect water, right? ) .

By 6.30 pm we came back to Badoli . Then we went to Raju Bhai’s home and then to mineral water plant. There is an auditorium near the plant. It is the auditorium made by Patels for their community marriage. By that time, Parimal ji also reached there and from there everything was an exact copy of day 1. This time Shailesh and me gave treat to them , same hotel, different menu. Then went to same the same shop where we sat last day. But this time we came back early. We slept around 1 am.

A snap taken on my way to Idar Fort

to be continued...

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